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The “xml:lang” attribute specifies the language of the element content. The “xml:lang” attribute can be specified on every element in the DITA content model. When no value for “xml:lang” is supplied, the default value of English is assumed.
Tip: Ensure the “xml:lang” attribute is available on the root level
The “xml:lang” attribute must always be present at the root level of a topic, as it indicates the language the topic is written in. This will ensure that every tool used in the translation process knows the language in which the topic is written.
Tip: Try not to mix different languages in the same topic
Try not to mix different languages in the same topic by using the “xml:lang” attribute. If possible, use semantic mark-up to indicate words such as trademarks and file paths. Semantic mark-up refers to element designations that describe the nature of the type of content. Using semantic mark-up instead of the “xml:lang” attribute allows the downstream translation process to more readily exclude certain types of information from the translation process.
<ph xml:lang=”en”>Microsoft Windows</ph>
With this approach, the translation tools can be set to prevent the content between the <tm> elements from being translated.
In the following example, the word “.mtx” is marked as a file path, so the translation tool can be configured to block the translation of file paths:
<p>You can browse for Matrix configuration (<filepath>.mtx</filepath>) files.</p><p>Matrix 構成ファイル（<filepath>.mtx</filepath>）を参照できます。</p>