Segmentation with ... or ....

When working with InDesign files, I often get odd segmentation if there are three or four dots like this... or like that....

Example:

What could I change in the segmentation settings to prevent this? In normal language I'd say "If a dot/period is followed by a dot/period, don't start a new segment." Of course, (as always) there are a few caveats, like in the screenshot: The segment break in segment 23 has to be after the ". 

Who could give me an idea how to achieve this? (And: should that not be a standard setting?)

Daniel